## Friday, June 29, 2012

### Square Numbers - II

Properties of Square Numbers
• A number that ends in 2 , 3 , 7 or 8 is never a perfect square.
• The ones digit in the square of a number can be determined if the ones digit of the number is known. Look at the following table

• The number of zeroes at the end of a perfect square is always even e.g.                402 = 1600 , 2002 = 40000
• The square of an even number is always an even number and square of an odd number is always an odd number. e.g. 122 = 144 , 232 = 529
• If n is a perfect square then 2n can never be a perfect square. e.g. 100 is a perfect square , but 2 x 100 = 200 is not a perfect square number.
• The difference between the squares of the two consecutive numbers is equal to their sum or twice the smaller number plus 1. e.g.
(m+1) 2 - m2 = [(m+1) + m] [(m+1) – m] = (2m +1)
• If a number is a square number , it has to be the sum of successive odd numbers starting from 1. e.g.
1 + 3 = 4 = 22                          [Sum of first two odd numbers]
1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 = 25 = 52       [ Sum of first five odd numbers]

• The square of a number , either negative or positive is always positive.          e.g. (-3) 2 = (-3) x (-3) = 9
• The square of a natural number other than 1 is either a multiple of 3 or exceed the multiple of 3 by 1. Thus we can express square of a number (other than 1) as 3m or 3m+1 for some natural number m. e.g.
52 = 25 = 3 x 8 + 1
122 = 144 = 2 x 36
• The square of a natural number other than 1 is either a multiple of 4 or exceed the multiple of 4 by 1. Thus we can express square of a number (other than 1) as 4m or 4m+1 for some natural number m. e.g.
72 = 49 = 4 x 12 + 1
142 = 196 = 4 x 49

1. Good Post and as a Math lover I must say I enjoy your Blog :)